The knee is the largest joint in the body, made up of the lower end of the thighbone (femur), the upper end of the shinbone (tibia), and the kneecap (patella).
The ends of these three bones are covered with articular cartilage, a smooth substance that protects the bones and enables them to move easily.
The menisci are located between the femur and tibia. These C-shaped wedges act as “shock absorbers” that cushion the joint. Large ligaments hold the femur and tibia together and provide stability.
In an arthritic knee joint, the cartilage that cushions the bones of the knee softens and wears away.
The bones then rub against one another, causing knee pain and stiffness. This is the most common reason for Total Knee Replacement (TKR) surgery.
This content is intended to give you information which will help you prepare for knee replacement surgery.
Treatment is always planned on an individual basis so your experiences may differ slightly from the information given.
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