Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and the third-leading cause of life-years lost to disability.
By the age of 65 years, 50% of the population has OA and, as the population ages in demographic terms, the prevalence of OA is expected to rise. 90% of people over the age of 40 years complaining of knee pain have OA even if their X-rays are normal.
The aging of the Baby Boom generation, who started reaching 65 years old in 2011, is a factor in the increased future demand for knee replacement surgery in the western world. Knee OA is diagnosed about 13 years earlier, from 69 years in the 1990’s to 53 years in 2010. In the US forecasts show an increase in demand for Total
Knee Replacement (TKR) surgery by 673% by 2030. Recent literature reports tripling of TKR use in 45 to 65 years olds in the US. Currently in the US about 40% of all knee replacements are done in people under the age of 65. Similar data is emerging from Finland showing increased use of TKR in the young.
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